This specification covers two classes of round cold-drawn steel spring wire having properties and quality for the manufacture of mechanical springs that are not subject to high stress or requiring high fatigue properties and wire forms. The steel specimens shall either be ingot cast or strand cast. Cast or heat and product analysis shall be performed wherein steel materials shall conform to the required chemical compositions of carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, and silicon. Specimens shall also undergo tension and wrap tests and shall conform to the requirements of tensile properties.
1.1 This specification covers two classes of round cold-drawn steel spring wire having properties and quality for the manufacture of mechanical springs, rings, and wire forms that are not subject to high stress or requiring high fatigue properties.
1.2 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
2 Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards:
A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products
A510 Specification for General Requirements for Wire Rods and Coarse Round Wire, Carbon Steel
A5 10M Specification for General Requirements for Wire Rods and Coarse Round Wire, Carbon Steel (Metric)
A700 Practices for Packaging, Marking, and Loading Methods for Steel Products for Shipment
A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products
A941 Terminology Relating to Steel, Stainless Steel, Related Alloys, and Ferroalloys
E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications
2.2 American National Standard:
B 32.4M Preferred Metric Sizes for Round, Square, Rectangle, and Hexagon Metal Products
2.3 Federal Standard:
Fed. Std. No. 123 Marking for Shipment (Civil Agencies)
2.4 AIAG Standard:
AIAG B-5 02.00 Primary Metals Identification Tag Application Standard5
3.1 Definitions of Terms Specific to This Standard:
3.1.1 For definition of terms used in this specification, refer to Terminology A941.
4 Ordering Information
4.1 It shall be the responsibility of the purchaser to specify all requirements that are necessary for material under this specification. Such requirement may include， but are not limited to, the following:
4.1.1 Quantity (mass),
4.1.2 Name of material (cold-drawn steel mechanical spring wire) and class (Table 1 or Table 2),
4.1.3 Wire diameter (Table 1 or Table 2),
4.1.4 Packaging (Section 15),
4.1.5 Cast or heat analysis report, if requested (Section 6),
4.1.6 Certification or test report, or both, if specified (Section 14), and
4.1.7 ASTM designation and date of issue.
NOTE 1-A typical ordering description is as follows: 15 000 kg Cold-Drawn Mechanical Spring Wire, Class I, Size 5.00 mm in 700-kg coils to ASTM A227M dated____，or for non-SI units, 30000 Ib Cold-Drawn Mechanical Spring Wire, Class I, Size 0.207 in. diameter in 500-1b coils to ASTM A227 dated____.
5.1 The steel may be made by any commercially accepted steel-making process. The steel may be either ingot cast or strand cast.
5.2 The finished wire shall be free of detrimental pipe and undue segregation.
5.3 The wire shall be cold drawn to produce the desired mechanical properties.
6 Chemical Composition
6.1 The steel shall conform to the requirements for chemical composition prescribed in Table 3.
6.2 Cast or Heat Analysis- Each cast or heat of steel shall be analyzed by the manufacturer to determine the percentage of elements prescribed in Table 3. This analysis shall be made from a test specimen preferably taken during the pouring of the cast or heat. When requested, this shall be reported to the purchaser and shall conform to the requirements of Table 3.
6.3 Product Analysis- An analysis may be made by the purchaser from finished wire representing each cast or heat of steel. The chemical composition thus determined, as to elements required or restricted, shall conform to the product analysis requirements specified in Table 10 of Specification A510 or A510M.
6.4 For referee purposes， Test Methods， Practices， and Terminology A751 shall be used.
7 Mechanical Properties
7.1 Tension Test:
7.1.1 Requirements- The material as represented by tension test specimens shall conform to the requirements prescribed in Table 1 or Table 2.
7.1.2 Number of Tests- _One test specimen shall be taken for each ten coils, or fraction thereof, in a lot. Each cast or heat in a given lot shall be tested.
7.1.3 Location of Tests- -Test specimens shall be taken from either end of the coil.
7.1.4 Test Method- -The tension test shall be made in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A370.
7.2 Wrap Test:
7.2.1 Requirements- -The material as represented by the wrap test specimens shall conform to the requirements specified in Table 4 or Table 5. Wrap test on wires over 8.5 mm or 0.312 in. in diameter is not applicable. Since the conventional methods will not accommodate over 8.5 mm or 0.312 in, an alternative test procedure shall be agreed upon between purchaser and producer.
7.2.2 Number of Tests- _One test specimen shall be taken for each ten coils, or fraction thereof, in a lot. Each cast or heat in a given lot shall be tested.
7.2.3 Location of Test- -Test specimens shall be taken from either end of the coil.
7.2.4 Test Method- -The wrap test shall be made in accordance with Test Methods and Definitions A370, Supplement IV.
8 Metallurgical Requirements
8.1 Surface Condition:
8.1.1 The surface of the wire as-received shall be free of rust, excessive scale, die marks, pits and scratches detrimental to the end application. Seams shall not exceed 3.5 % of the wire diameter or 0.25 mm [0.010 in.], whichever is less.
8.1.2 Location of Test- -Test specimens shall be taken from either or both ends of the coil.
9 Dimensions and Permissible Variations
9.1 The permissible variations in the diameter of the wire shall be as specified in Table 6 or Table 7.
10 Workmanship and Appearance
10.1 Workmanship- The wire shall not be kinked or improperly cast. To test for cast, a few convolutions of wire shall be cut from the coil and placed on a flat surface. The wire shall lie flat on itself and not spring up excessively nor show a wavy condition.
10.1.1 Each coil shall be one continuous length of wire, properly coiled and firmly tied. Welds made prior to cold drawing are permitted.
11.1 If any test specimen exhibits obvious defects or shows the presence of a weld, it shall be discarded and another specimen substituted.
12.1 Unless otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order, the manufacturer is responsible for the performance of all inspection and test requirements specified in this specification. Except as otherwise specified in the contract or purchase order, the manufacturer may use his own or any other suitable facilities for the performance of the inspection and test requirements unless disapproved by the purchaser at the time the order is placed. The purchaser shall have the right to perform any of the inspections and tests set forth in this specification when such inspections and tests are deemed necessary to assure that the material conforms to prescribed requirements.
13 Rejection and Rehearing
13.1 Unless otherwise specified, any rejection based on tests made in accordance with this specification shall be reported to the manufacturer as soon as possible so that an investigation may be initiated.
13.2 The material shall be adequately protected and correctly identified in order that the manufacturer may make a proper investigation.
14.1 When specified in the purchase order or contract, a manufacturer’s or supplier’ s certification shall be furnished to the purchaser that the material was manufactured, sampled, tested, and inspected in accordance with this specification and has been found to meet the requirements. When specified in the purchase order or contract, a report of the test results shall be furnished.
14.2 The certification shall include the specification number, year date of issue, and revision letter, if any.
15 Packaging, Marking, and Loading for Shipment
15.1 The coil mass, dimensions, and the method of packaging shall be agreed upon between the manufacturer and purchaser. .
15.2 A tag shall be securely attached to each coil of wire with identifying information as agreed upon by the purchaser and manufacturer.
15.3 Unless otherwise specified in the purchaser’ s order, packaging, marking, and loading for shipments shall be in accordance with those procedures recommended by Practices A700.
15.4 For Government Procurement- -Marking for shipment of material for civil agencies shall be in accordance with Fed. Std. No. 123.
15.5 Bar Coding- -In addition to the previously stated identification requirements， bar coding is acceptable as a supplementary identification method. Bar coding should be consistent with AIAG Standard 02.00, Primary Metals Identification Tag Application. The bar code may be applied to a substantially affixed tag.
16.1 cold-drawn; springs; wire